Cape Flats Dune Strandveld

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Distribution: Endemic to Cape Town; mainly coastal, altitude 0-80m, but reaching 200m in places

Vegetation & landscape: flat to slightly undulating dune field landscape covered by tall evergreen, hard-leaved shrubland with abundant grasses and annual herbs in gaps. Structurally, strandveld is a tall, evergreen, hard-leaved shrubland with abundant grasses, annual herbs and succulents in the gaps. Examples of prominent shrub species include Euclea racemosa, Metalasia muricata, Olea exasperata, Chrysanthemoides monilifera and Roepera flexuosum. Strandveld has few endemic species compared to fynbos. 100% of this vegetation type occurs within the City and 56% is transformed.

Geology & Soil: tertiary to recent calcareous sand of marine origin. Outcrops of limestone found on the False Bay coast.

Climate: Mean Annual Rainfall 350mm in N to 560mm in S.

Endemic: Lampranthus tenuifolius

Conservation: Endangered: target 24%; 6% conserved.

Information on Cape Town's vegetation comes from Summarised Descriptions of National Vegetation Types Occurring in the City of Cape Town by Patricia Holmes, Biodiversity Management Branch, July 2008

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